COI Gazette – 2nd May 2014

Down Cathedral ‘delighted’ with new replica cross, says Dean

Dean Henry Hull admires the replica cross at Down Cathedral.

Dean Henry Hull admires the replica cross at Down Cathedral.

The Dean of Down, the Very Revd Henry Hull, has told the Gazette that he and the Chapter of Down Cathedral are “delighted” with the quality of a replica cross which replaces an original granite cross at the cathedral in Downpatrick. The original cross, carved as a ‘prayer in stone’ by local craftsmen around 900AD, was moved late last year from outside Down Cathedral for preservation and display in the nearby Down County Museum.

The Northern Ireland Environment Agency gave consent for the cross to be moved and is funding its removal and conservation and the replication of the cross, while the Church of Ireland has given permission for the long-term loan. Dean Hull told the Gazette that the specified loan term is 50 years in order to protect the museum’s investment in the project.

Equally, however, the Dean said that were the museum to close, the original would be returned to the cathedral and not taken anywhere else.



John Jewel, Bishop of Salisbury from 1560, has been described as one of the greatest lights that the reformed Church of England produced, defending the Anglican position against the criticism of Roman Catholic apologists on the one hand and the Puritan party on the other.

Born in Devon, he was educated at Merton and Corpus Christi Colleges in Oxford and became a Fellow of the latter and also public orator of the university. He became an adherent of the Reformed faith under the influence of Peter Martyr although following the deaths of Latimer, Ridley and Thomas Cranmer, he was induced to sign Catholic articles of faith which he later repudiated.

On the accession of Queen Mary, he fled to the continent and spent time at Frankfurt, where he opposed the more extreme views of John Knox, and then at Strasbourg and later at Zurich. On the accession of Queen Elizabeth I, he returned to England and reluctantly accepted the nomination to the See of Salisbury. He found his diocese impoverished and worked earnestly to set things in order both materially and spiritually, exercising a preaching ministry in all his churches. Attacks on the Church of England as being both heretical and in schism led to his producing his Apologia ecclesiae Anglicanae which came out in 1662.

Basing his position not only on Scripture but also on the teaching of the undivided Church of the first six centuries, Jewel challenged his Roman Catholic opponents to produce evidence from that period for their distinctive beliefs. This led to a response from Thomas Harding who had been a canon of Salisbury and who, together with other scholars, had fled to Louvain because of his Catholic beliefs. The result was a long and wearisome exchange of massive tomes of controversy between the two men. The Apologia was highly esteemed at the time by the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London and later, in the early 17th century, Archbishop Bancroft ordered that copies of it be placed in churches.

As time went on, Jewel became more and more hostile to the Puritan tendency and wrote an attack on Thomas Cartwright which was published posthumously. Yet, on a personal level, he was thoughtful, kind and generous to the poor of Salisbury, to young scholars, brother clergy, servants and the wives and children of friends, for whom he showed pastoral and fatherly concern.

This editorial is one in a series of occasional reflections on figures in Church history, following a chronological sequence as they appear.


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